Are you feeling the sudden need for frequent urination? Having unexpected fever along with pain around the lower abdomen? A urinary tract infection might be the underlying cause. Women are at a higher risk of urinary tract infections. A urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to any infection in the urinary tract including the bladder and urethra. If a UTI spreads to the kidneys, this can cause a more serious infection, called pyelonephritis.
Urinary tract infection symptoms depend upon the location of the infection.
Lower UTIs are infections of the kidney and bladder. Symptoms include –
Upper UTIs are infections of the kidneys and are the most serious. This type of infection can be potentially life threatening as the bacteria can move from the kidneys into the blood, which causes the condition sepsis.
Symptoms include –
A simple urine test (urinalysis) can be performed to determine if you have a UTI. Depending on the cause, treatment options include –
Home remedies suggested by some medical professionals include increasing water intake and urinating frequently to flush out infection-causing bacteria from the body. Antibiotics remain the first line of treatment for a UTI, and it is essential to perform prescribed blood and urine tests.
If you have been seeing a change in urine color, smell or have the frequent urge to urinate, or burning when you urinate, it is best to consult a medical professional. UTIs can be risky in many cases, especially when the infection spreads to the kidneys, and medical attention is essential to avoid further issues.
It is crucial to urinate whenever feeling the urge, to keep the bladder empty. Healthcare providers also recommend drinking plenty of water throughout the day, which allows bacteria to be flushed before an infection can begin. If you already have a urinary tract infection, scented bath and shower products should be avoided. It is essential to also maintain good hygiene and urinate before and after sexual activity. Women should avoid diaphragms when possible, as diaphragms can increase the chance of infection by harboring bacterial growth. Extremely tight undergarments and denims are best avoided.
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