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Sore Throat

What is Sore Throat?

A sore throat, often also called pharyngitis, is irritation and pain in the throat, which is often seen as the first symptom of flu and cold. It should be noted that sore throat may also relate to streptococcal infection, which is caused by bacteria and needs more medical intervention.

Sore Throat symptoms

The symptoms largely depend on sore throat causes, but with normal cold and flu, you can expect the following.


  • Sense of pain/irritation in the throat
  • Difficulty in eating, swallowing
  • Paid around the tonsils and jaw
  • Change in voice
  • Additional symptoms may include,

    • Runny nose
    • Sneezing, cough
    • Fever and mild body ache

    Typically, all the symptoms related to sore throat disappear in two to three days, once the other symptoms of the flu sets in.

    How to treat sore throat?

    Sore throat due to a cold virus doesn’t really need medical intervention, as the symptoms disappear in two to three days. However, one can take care of the pain with warm water gargle at home. A few medicines are available for pain, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, beside medicinal lozenges that may offer temporary relief. One of the best sore throat home remedies is to have plenty of warm fluids all through the day, which washes the area.

    Should I See A Doctor?

    The most common of sore throat causes is cold, which subsides in a week. Doctors may also suggest nasal sprays for decongesting the system. Antibiotics aren’t suggested for cold virus in general. However, it should be noted that strep throat is different from sore throat. Caused by streptococcus bacteria, strep throat may need medical intervention and is mostly seen in growing children. While cold flu related throat pain reduces on its own, it is best to see a healthcare provider for strep throat. Your doctor may take a swab for further tests. Check with your doctor for any of following symptoms.

    • Throat pain that doesn’t subside
    • Loss of appetite
    • Redness around the tonsils
    • White spots inside the mouth
    • High fever

    How to avoid sore throat?

    Since there is no specific sore throat treatment, taking a few precautions can be a good idea. Stay away from people having viral cold and cough, while it is also important to limit the irritants, such as smoke, pollutants and unwanted weather/ room temperature changes.


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