Sinus infections are generally the result of sinusitis, which is due to the inflammation of sinus tissues. Presence of fluids, bacteria and viruses can cause a blockage in the sinuses, which can lead to an infection. A common illness, many suffer with acute and chronic sinus infections caused from a variety of issues including the common cold, allergies, blocked sinus ducts, and polyps.
The symptoms of sinusitis or sinus infections are similar to the common cold in some ways, although the former can be much more uncomfortable.
Common symptoms include –
Usually, the pain around the nose and eyes causes the most distress, specifically because those areas on the face may seem tender with pressure.
Sinusitis can be acute or chronic, and the treatment largely depends on the condition. For general sinus infections, healthcare professionals may offer medicines and sprays to help with congestion and they will usually suggest the inhalation of steam to sooth the sinus tissues. Depending on the extent of the infection, antibiotics may be recommended for 10 days or more. It is important to make sure that you don’t have chronic sinusitis, which may need a different line of prolonged treatment. In cases where patients have structural problems like polyps, surgery may be suggested, mostly after medicinal therapies.
If you have pain and discomfort around the eyes, nose and other parts of the face that doesn’t subside, you may want to talk to a medical professional. Sinus pain can be a source of irritation and discomfort, making it hard for the patient to get back to normal life. Medical intervention is recommended if this is the case.
Indoor air quality is very important for the prevention of a sinus infection. Ensure that your home is well maintained at all times, and that air filters are changed out on a timely basis. Also, one should avoid contact with those who are infected with a cold or flu. An annual flu vaccination is also helpful in maintaining good sinus health. It is best to ensure regular and adequate intake of water and fluids, which can keep the sinuses moist. Environments with known allergens should be avoided, especially smoking zones.
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often comes before vomiting. Vomiting is the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying (“throwing up”) of stomach contents through the mouth. This can lead to dehydration, which can be treated at Urgent Clinics Medical Care with IV fluids and anti-nausea medication.
Sore throat is pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow. A simple throat swab in the clinic may help you determine if this is a bacterial Strep infection.
Bladder infections, also known as cystitis or inflammation of the bladder, cause a constant urge to urinate and a burning sensation when passing urine. Commonly referred to as a UTI, this infection may cause your urine to be cloudy, smelly or dark and there may be pain in the lower abdomen.