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Influenza

Influenza

Influenza, commonly known as flu, is a viral infection, which hits the respiratory system. However, in rare cases, influenza can be deadly. If you have a weak immune system, you are more susceptible to flu. Here’s a quick list of things you should certainly know.

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Influenza symptoms

In general, flu-like symptoms include:

  • Increase in body temperature over 100 F
  • Pain in muscles, mainly in back
  • Sweats
  • Chills
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Runny rose
  • Sore throat and nasal congestion

Younger children and seniors are more likely to get flue than mature adults.

How to treat influenza?

Typically, the patient is asked to take rest for a few days, as in most cases, influenza goes on its own. However, in some cases, doctors may suggest antiviral treatment, after determining Influenza A/B. Diagnosis is usually done by taking a nasal swab. Mild infections will fade in three to four days, but with medications, it is possible to avoid severe complications.

Should I see a doctor?

If you have pain in the body, mainly in stomach and other symptoms like vomiting and nausea, it is best to see a doctor. With antiviral drugs in the first couple of days, one can reduce the symptoms to a great extent. In general, mild flue will disappear within a few days. Parents of younger children should take special care and must take medical advice at the onset of the infection, so as to avoid unwanted symptoms.


How to avoid influenza?

It is best to take the annual flu vaccination every year, which is available in form of nasal spray and injection. Washing hands is a great way to avoid a few infections, and you can use any kind of hand sanitizer for the purpose. Ensure that you have covered your mouth whole coughing or sneezing as it can lead to infection of others. During the rainy season, it is best avoid crowded places. If you suspect flu, consult your doctor and avoid public outings for at a couple of days, until the symptoms subside.


 
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