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Diarrhea

When Diarrhea Strikes

 
In many cases, diarrhea may last for a brief period lasting a couple days. For episodes that last longer, diarrhea can signal underlying diseases, and thus the signs and symptoms shouldn’t be ignored.
Diarrhea symptoms
Woman having stomachache in bathroom
Some of the symptoms of diarrhea include:

  • Multiple loose and watery stools
  • Pain and cramping in the stomach
  • Dehydration
  • Vomiting, nausea
  • Fever
  • Sense of bloating
  • Dizziness
  • Extensive thirst
  • Change in urine color
  • Fever

With diarrhea, large amounts of body fluids may be lost, which can lead to severe or moderate dehydration.
 

How to treat diarrhea?

 
Diarrhea should subside within a day or two on its own, without treatment. However, if the problem persists or you feel weak and dehydrated, a medical professional may suggest medication. If the condition has been triggered by parasites or bacteria, antibiotics may be prescribed. To replace the lost body fluids and salts, extensive water intake is advised, and in acute cases, fluids may be delivered through an IV. If diarrhea was caused by a drug or medicine for another treatment, those medications may be changed.
 

Should I See A Healthcare Provider?

 
Diarrhea may be caused by a variety of issues, and it is essential to determine the underlying root cause. You should consult a medical professional, if you have any of the following:

  • Signs of moderate to extreme dehydration
  • Persistent loose stools for more than two days
  • Severe pain in the stomach and abdomen area
  • High fever
  • Massive change in urine color
  • Bloody stools and vomiting

Depending on the symptoms, your healthcare provider may suggest a few tests for further treatment. Medicines are based on the final diagnosis.
 

How to avoid diarrhea?

 
It is possible to get vaccines against rotavirus diarrhea in children, which is administered in two doses. It is important to maintain impeccable hygiene while cooking and also avoid unknown food choices, especially while traveling. Ensure that you wash your hands frequently throughout the day, especially before meals. For long and extended trips, antibiotics can be taken to reduce risks.


 
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Vomitting

Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often comes before vomiting.  Vomiting is the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying (“throwing up”) of stomach contents through the mouth.  This can lead to dehydration, which can be treated at Urgent Clinics Medical Care with IV fluids and anti-nausea medication.

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