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Dehydration

Dehydration

 
Ever felt tired after a long workout session? Dehydration is a condition that occurs when our body loses large amounts of fluids and water due to varied reasons, such as exertion, diarrhea, excessive sweating, sun exposure and vomiting. Basically, in dehydration, the body loses more water and salts in a day than actual intake.
 
water and hydration

Dehydration symptoms

 
The symptoms of dehydration are usually easy to recognize. Common symptoms include:

  • Dry mouth and throat
  • Extensive thirst
  • Sudden weakness and dizziness
  • A sense of fainting/unexpected fainting
  • Reduced urination
  • Headache, nausea
  • Fever
  • Change in urine color, mostly into dark yellow tones

 

How to treat dehydration?

 
It is important to understand that dehydration can be mild or severe, and treatment depends on the extent of the condition. In case of emergencies or extensive dehydration, medical providers will focus on bettering blood volume, following which body fluids are restored. When the patient has a high fever, healthcare professionals will first cool the body using different techniques. For moderate or mild dehydration, fluid replacement is the first line of treatment. Your healthcare expert will suggest electrolyte drinks and fluids containing carbohydrates along with water. For extreme dehydration, fluids may be administered through an IV. Ibuprofen or related medicines can be given to reduce fever and pain.
 

Should I See A Healthcare Provider?

 
While mild dehydration can be treated at home with electrolyte fluids, you should rush to the doctor if you see any or a mix of these below mentioned symptoms.

  • Continuous vomiting for more than a few times
  • Frequent chills and fever over 100°F for more than a day
  • Diarrhea coupled with weight loss
  • Low urination
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Fainting, dizziness and issues with breathing

 

How to avoid dehydration?

 
A little care and attention to the body signals can help in preventing dehydration. Make sure that you drink a lot of water all through the day and boost the intake with increase in sun exposure and physical activities. Unless required, it is best to avoid exposure to high temperatures. Adults need to take special care of the fluid intake of kids and seniors, especially during summers. Alcohol can increase water loss and should be avoided to the possible extent. In summers, it is a good idea to eat light and healthy foods. Fresh fruits and veggies also have a lot of water, which can avert dehydration.


 
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